Long-term parking is needed at workplaces and at multi-unit residential developments. Schools, universities, inter-modal terminals (bus and transit stations, ferry terminals, airports) and some sports, event and/or recreation facilities that require medium to long-term bicycle parking can use a mixture of Class I and Class II parking. Distance from the destinations is somewhat more flexible but should be no more than 50m/200ft from building access points. More important is access control that provides additional security for bicycles and accessories.
Ease of access: Cyclists will prefer rooms or enclosures that require a minimum number of steps to reach. Facilities where they must pass through a number of doors or can only be reached through staircases or other constrained spaces are more likely to be ignored.
Surfaces: In parking garages, non-slip surfaces should be provided for cyclists to walk to or from bicycle parking. Where stairs are unavoidable, wheel ramps should be provided.
Lock-ups: Secure lock-ups or storage rooms should be located as near as possible to change rooms, showers, workplaces, etc.
Safety and security: The safety and security of the rider as well as the bicycle are important. Women in particular will be discouraged from cycling if they must use facilities that are poorly lit, distant from access points, or with little other human traffic that can observe comings and goings.
Signage: Signage is useful in directing users to facilities that may be located in parking garages or other locations not clearly visible from the street.
Bicycle lockers are an option for secure, weather protection for bicycles and gear for long-term parking at workplaces, universities and colleges, multi-unit residential developments and inter-modal terminals (transit or train stations, airports, ferry terminals). Their advantage over secure enclosures is in providing single user access, minimizing opportunities for theft and vandalism. Bicycle lockers may offer more flexibility in designing facilities where large spaces for enclosures or separate bicycle rooms are not available. Individual or clusters of lockers can also be used outdoors or installed in parking garages at workplaces or residential developments.
A number of designs are available that provide storage for bikes along with helmets, bike clothing and accessories. Typical lockers may be accessed by key, coin or card systems. Some also lend themselves to panel advertising to help defray costs. Lockers also may recover costs through user rentals. Lockers may also be clearly identified to promote their use.
Designs may offer roll-in or hanger systems. Hanger lockers, where bikes are stored vertically, are more space efficient, but require lifting bikes and may be less desirable for some users. Some designs use a perforated panel to allow viewing (for security purposes) of locker contents. Wire cage lockers produced by some manufacturers are less expensive than fully enclosed lockers but should be installed indoors.
A unique system that incorporates a small locker into the rack hardware, provides options for cyclists to lock frame and wheels, as well as deposit helmets and a pannier or backpack. This system leaves the bicycle exposed and should be located in visible, secure areas and can be supplemented with weather protection. The bike lid design effectively provides security and weather protection.
Temporary bicycle parking at public events and sports arenas is an option when permanent fixtures would clutter sites or demand is intermittent. Valet bicycle parking can reduce vehicle trips to events, mitigating congestion and air quality impacts.